One third of a person’s life is spent in sleep, sleep is the body to restore, integrate and consolidate the memory of the important link. You are still suffering from insomnia? Do you want to improve their sleep quality? Then we first come to understand the reasons for insomnia? It is said that insomnia is mainly caused by psychological factors, were afraid of insomnia, dreams of psychological, self-blame Psychological, look forward to psychological, childhood trauma psychological reproduction.
From the clinical point of view, by the physiological factors, disease factors, drug factors and diet factors caused by the number of cases is far less than the number of cases caused by psychological factors. Summarized, there are six types of psychological causes of insomnia is recognized by the psychological community:
Fear of insomnia psychological: many insomnia patients have “insomnia characteristics of anxiety,” a bed at night to worry about sleep, or try to get yourself to sleep, the result is counterproductive.
The human brain’s high-level neurological activity is excited and suppressed both processes. The brain cells are excited during the day. Work a day later, you need to rest, into the state of inhibition and sleep, to be rest after a night, and naturally turn sober.
The excitability and inhibition of the cerebral cortex are coordinated with each other and alternately form a cycle of sleep rhythm. “Fear of insomnia, want to sleep,” intended to sleep, but “fear of insomnia, want to sleep,” the idea itself is the brain cell excitement process, therefore, the more fear of insomnia, the more sleep, brain cells more excited, insomnia.
Dream of psychological: many self-proclaimed insomnia, can not correctly look at the dream, that the dream is poor performance of sleep, harmful to the human body, and even some people mistakenly believe that multiple dreams is insomnia. These misconceptions tend to make people worry, worry about falling asleep after a dream, this “alert” psychological, often affect the quality of sleep.
In fact, science has proved that everyone will dream, dream is not only a normal psychological phenomenon, but also a way of working in the brain, in the dream of repeating the day’s experience, help to remember, and the useless information cleared The Dream itself is harmless to the human body, harmful is that “dreaming harmful” psychology, so that they have a psychological burden.
Self-blame: Some people feel guilty of self-blame after a negligence, repeat the negligence in the mind, and regret that they did not properly handle. During the day because of more things, self-blame regret a little light, to the night is “wandering” in self-blame, remorse of fantasy and excitement, a long time to sleep.
Look forward to the psychological: refers to people looking forward to someone or do something and worry about overshooting, so often appear early awake. For example, a “three shifts” of the webmaster, due to the night shift (12:00 to work at night), often at 7 pm to sleep, due to fear of late, sleep is not practical, often only sleep 1-2 hours, Was awakened, for a long time has become a long awake patient. Some people in the promotion, job evaluation, the results of the room is about to be announced before, often in the state of excitement, it is difficult to sleep.
Childhood traumatic psychological reproduction: Some people because of childhood loss of parents, intimidation, heavy penalties and other trauma and fear, there is a fear of the night can not sleep the phenomenon, with age gradually improved, but after adulthood, due to a Similar to childhood traumatic stimulation, will be suppressed in the subconscious childhood traumatic psychological response to reproduce, repeat the childhood insomnia phenomenon. Helpless psychological: some people are stimulated by sudden events, can not make the right response, helpless, I do not know what to do, so that sleep at night when looking back, Zuo Si think, but always in a dilemma, flag-free anxious state of excitement.
Insomnia duration determines the treatment
At present, psychologists divide insomnia into three categories:
Temporary insomnia: only a few days to maintain. May be caused by emotional excitement, temporary mental stress or time difference, such as major festivals, meetings, parties, examinations, cross-time travel, etc., most people can spontaneously adjust it, it can also be seen as a fresh and interesting experience The In short, at this moment, do not panic, after a few days will be ruined.
Short-term insomnia: a few days to three weeks time, in people suffering from serious illness or individuals under great pressure often occurs. Usually using self-psychological adjustment methods or help sleep psychologists, will be alleviated and improved.
Long-term insomnia: can be maintained for several years, some people face the pressure (or even just for normal pressure), it will insomnia, as some people are prone to chronic gastritis or migraine, like, has formed a coping pressure Habitual pattern.
The easiest way to insomnia is to take medicine, which is the doctor can do the most direct help for insomnia patients, and as patients, especially long-term insomnia patients is best to leave a child – that is to control The Because no medication to take drugs, will have a psychological dependence. Second, sleeping pills can only help you level sleep, it is difficult to achieve deep sleep, long-term use of vigilance side effects.